Die Ming-Dynastie (chinesisch 明朝, Pinyin Míngcháo) herrschte von bis im .. Notable Ming Dynasty Painters and Galleries at China Online Museum (englisch); Ming Dynasty art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (englisch) Der Staat unter Hongwu · Verwaltungsprobleme · Wirtschaft und Handel. The Ming Dynasty (–) was China's last ethnic Chinese dynasty. After the Mongol Yuan were ousted, it flourished, but ended with rebellion and. The early Ming dynasty was a period of cultural restoration and expansion. The reestablishment of an indigenous Chinese ruling house led to the imposition of. Yongle demoted Nanjing to a secondary capital and in announced the new capital of China was to be at his power base in Beijing. There were many new developments in ceramics, along with the continuation of established traditions. This secret service was overseen by the Directorate of Ceremonial, hence this state organ's often totalitarian affiliation. Zur Ming-Zeit gab es angesichts des wirtschaftlichen Wiederaufbaus zur Zeit Hongwus, des Booms des Binnenhandels im By these xunfu assignments became institutionalized as " grand coordinators ". See Also All essays, Asian Art All essays, Asian Art: Then in the s, the Ming managed to help their Korean allies defeat two Japanese campaigns, but it was at great cost to the empire. Large-scale landscapes, flower-and-bird compositions, and figural narratives were particularly favored as images that would glorify the new dynasty and convey its benevolence, virtue, and majesty. In Hongwu had the Chancellor Hu Weiyong executed upon suspicion of a conspiracy plot to overthrow him; after that Hongwu abolished the Chancellery and assumed this role as chief executive and emperor, a precedent mostly followed throughout the Ming period. Die Offiziere verkauften zusätzlich Freistellungen vom Militärdienst. On 8 September, Esen routed Zhengtong's army, and Zhengtong was captured — an event known as the Tumu Crisis. Man bemühte sich unter dem Kanzler Zhang Juzheng — auch, die Lasten der Kleinbauern zu mildern.